ASHKENAZ


ASHKENAZ
ASHKENAZ (Heb. אַשְׁכְּנָז), a people and a country bordering on Armenia and the upper Euphrates; listed in Genesis 10:3 and I Chronicles 1:6 among the descendants of gomer . The name Ashkenaz also occurs once in Jeremiah 51:27 in a passage calling upon the kingdoms of ararat , Minni, and Ashkenaz to rise and destroy Babylon. Scholars have identified the Ashkenaz as the people called Ashkuza (Ashguza, Ishguza) in Akkadian. According to Assyrian royal inscriptions the Ashkuza fought the Assyrians in the reign of Esharhaddon (680–669 B.C.E.) as allies of the Minni (Manneans). Since the Ashkuza are mentioned in conjunction with the Gimirrai-Cimmerians and the Ashkenaz with Gomer in Genesis, it is reasonable to infer that Ashkenaz is a dialectal form of Akkadian Ashkuza, identical with a group of Iranian-speaking people organized in confederations of tribes called Saka in Old Persian, whom Greek writers (e.g., Herodotus 1:103) called Scythians. They ranged from southern Russia through the Caucasus and into the Near East. Some scholars, however, have argued against this identification on philological grounds because of the presence of the "n" in the word Ashkenaz. In medieval rabbinical literature the name was used for Germany (see next entry). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E.A. Speiser, Genesis (Eng., 1964), 66; U. Cassuto, A Commentary on the Book of Genesis, 2 (1964), 192; EM, 1 (1965), 762–3 (incl. bibl.). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. Holladay, Jeremiah, 2 (1989), 427; P. Briant, From Cyrus to Alexander (2002), 39. (Yehoshua M. Grintz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ASHKENAZ — (אַשְׁכְּנַז), designation of the first relatively compact area of settlement of Jews in N.W. Europe, initially on the banks of the Rhine. The term became identified with, and denotes in its narrower sense, Germany, German Jewry, and German Jews… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ashkenaz — is Gomer s first son, brother of Riphath, and Togarmah (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chronicles 1:6) and is believed by some to be the ancestor of the Germanic, Scandinavian and Slavic peoples. One reason people believe this is that Ashkenaz s father is Gomer… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashkénaz — Ashkenaz Ashkenaz est le fils aîné de Gomère, et le frère de Riphath et Togarma (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chron. 1:6). La tradition juive le considère comme l ancêtre des peuples germaniques, scandinaves et russes, probablement du fait de la ressemblance du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ashkenaz — (version Jérusalem), Aschkenaz (version Louis Segond) ou Askénaz (version Martin), est le fils aîné de Gomère, et le frère de Riphath et Togarma (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chron. 1:6). La tradition juive le considère comme l ancêtre des peuples germaniques,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ashkenaz — /ash keuh naz /, n. 1. a son of Gomer and grandson of Japheth. Gen 10:1 3; I Chron. 1:6. 2. an ancient kingdom in eastern Armenia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ashkenaz —    One of the three sons of Gomer (Gen. 10:3), and founder of one of the tribes of the Japhetic race. They are mentioned in connection with Minni and Ararat, and hence their original seat must have been in Armenia (Jer. 51:27), probably near the… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ashkenaz — /ash keuh naz /, n. 1. a son of Gomer and grandson of Japheth. Gen 10:1 3; I Chron. 1:6. 2. an ancient kingdom in eastern Armenia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ashkenaz (disambiguation) — Ashkenaz may refer to:* Ashkenaz, Gomer s first son in the Bible * Ashkenaz, Noah s grandson in the Bible * A member of the Ashkenazi Jews, a branch of European Jews * Ancient Jewish reference to Germany …   Wikipedia

  • ḤASIDEI ASHKENAZ — ḤASIDEI ASHKENAZ, a social and ideological circle, with a particular religious outlook, in medieval German Jewry. The first centers of the movement were Regensburg in southern Germany and the communities of Speyer, Worms, and Mainz on the Rhine;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hassidei Ashkenaz —  Pour les Hassidim du temps des Macchabées, voir Hassidéens; pour le mouvement est européen, voir Hassidisme Les Hassidei Ashkenaz sont des piétistes juifs allemands. Ils écrivent leurs textes sous le coup de massacres dont les juifs sont… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.